Brick / grass
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The Price Range
We are often asked how much it costs to make a labyrinth. The answer
depends on many variables. The price range below is only approximate.
For large institutions that require architectural plans and complicated
procedures, the cost could be double, For organizations that have volunteers
or contractors willing to donate their services, the cost will be less.
These prices do not include amenities such as landscaping, benches, lighting,
sculpture, water features, or similar. Such features often cost more than
the labyrinth itself. Examples of labyrinths using all of these materials
may be found in our gallery section under Our Work.
Canvas Labyrinths . . .
$800 - $3,300
Labyrinth Enterprises has the only full-time 8,000 sq. ft. studio dedicated
solely to making canvas labyrinths. See canvas.
PROFESSIONALLY INSTALLED LABYRINTHS
Painted Concrete . . .
Painting on existing concrete is a very affordable, but not durable in
the long run. You need to power wash the concrete to make sure it's clean,
and then draw and paint (or stencil) the pattern. Traffic paint works
well, or two-part epoxy paint. There is an acrylic resin paint called
EnviroMax available from www.alldeck.com
that we have used successfully. We have painted labyrinths on wooden decks,
for which concrete was not an option.
Polymer Concrete Labyrinths . . . $18,000
Labyrinth Enterprises has developed some proprietary techniques
for making affordable, durable, low-maintenance concrete labyrinths that
are very popular with institutions. We either stencil or score the pattern,
using polymer concrete to color the pattern. It is much stronger than
stain or paint. We are not contractors, however, so the client first has
a local company do the underlying concrete. (We can supply our suggested
guidelines.) Then we come and install the labyrinth pattern. Our fee varies
from $15,000 to $27,000 depending on the pattern, size, and circumstances.
Including the cost of the concrete, the range above should be fairly accurate.
See polymer concrete.
Granite Resin . . . $10,000 - $40,000
This is a material that Labyrinth Enterprises, LLC, began offering in
2008. Made of crushed granite in a resin base, it has no pigments and
should not fade. The color is the natural color of the granite itself.
Being mostly quartz, granite has crystals in it, and sparkles accordingly.
It is available in vivid colors not possible with concrete. Note: We can
install a granite labyrinth using your volunteers as workers, reducing
the cost b as much as 25%. That means a full-size Chartres labyrinth for
around $30,000. That's quite a bargain. See Granite
Cut Paver Labyrinths .
. . $30,000 to $120,000
Making labyrinths from two colors of pavers involves a lot of cutting.
Both the shape and the background color must be cut, creating double the
work. When cut completely by hand, such a labyrinth is an astounding work
of art, worth of a six-figure price tag. Now, however, we have taken advantage
of water jet technology to cut some of the pavers. This has brought down
the cost of a two-color paver labyrinth to an affordable range. Here at
Labyrinth Enterprises be work with Marty Kermeen, the world's most accomplished
paver artist, to install our paver labyrinths. See pavers.
Grass Paving . . . $10,000 - $20,000
Grass paving allows for spaces to remain green while still supporting
wheelchairs and even vehicles. Click on the photo for more details.
Indoor Labyrinths . . . $3,000 - $150,000
We have drawn and painted labyrinths on wooden floors, as well as scoring
the pattern and staining the pattern into concrete floors. It is possible
to have any pattern cut into tiles, from ceramic to terrazzo or stone.
The cost depends on the size, complexity, materials, and installation
Carpet Labyrinths . . . $30,000 - $50,000
Carpet labyrinths are cut by water jet technology and then hand assembled.
The whole process is very labor intensive and costly. The cost of the
carpet alone is around $1,000 per foot of diameter. So a 30-foot-wide
carpet would be around $30,000. There could be additional costs, such
as transportation and installation.
Stone, Terrazzo, Custom Installations . . . $60,000
I served as the consultant for the Cathedral Labyrinth and Sacred Garden
in New Harmony, Indiana. This granite labyrinth is striking, with a cost
far into six figures. We can make labyrinths from any kind of stone. We
don't recommend terrazzo as an outdoor material. It was developed for
flooring, indoors. When wet it can be treacherous. And the metal dividers
have difficulty in the weather.
Exact Chartres Replica . . . $2,000,000
We offer the possibility of an exact replica of the Chartres labyrinth,
made from the same stone, taken from the same quarry near Chartres. It
would be quite an exciting project.
Temporary Labyrinths . . . 0 - $200
Temporary labyrinths can be made with masking tape on the floor, by painting
the grass, or by using engineers' flags. None of these materials cost
more than $15 to $20 unless the labyrinth is very large. If you do this
often, there are tools to make it easier. Under the articles section (see
tape machine) are instructions for making
a stand-up tape machine so you don't have to work on your knees. We also
sell them (see products). Paint stores have
both paint wands and paint carts to give the same help for painting. These
tools can cost from $15 to $150.
Grass Labyrinths . . . 0 - $50
Mowing your labyrinth into the grass costs only a small amount for gas,
and perhaps some engineers' flags. There are labyrinths that have lasted
for many years simply by continuing to mow them. The paths are mowed low
and the lines, generally a foot or more wide, are taller. They can be
trimmed (setting the mower to a higher level) for a highly manicured look
or allowed to grow, perhaps with some wild flowers added.
Turf Labyrinths . . . 0
Turf labyrinths are labor intensive but not costly. Generally the line
or the path is dug out, usually by hand with a shovel. By just digging out
the lines at a fairly narrow width, such as four or five inches, it sets
off the paths very nicely. For examples of English turf labyrinths, see
the photo gallery at www.labyrinthos.net.
Soft Path Labyrinths .
. . 0 - $6,000
One of the most common ways of making a labyrinth is to use bricks or stones
for the lines and leave the paths a grass. Or, alternatively, make the
paths out of mulch. I made a labyrinth in my back yard by collecting river
stones (free) and using them for the lines. Periodically I would have
to use a Weedeater to trim the grass around the stones. Bricks can also
be used. The lines can be painted on the grass and then dug out to accommodate
the bricks, making them flush with the ground. that way, mowers can pass
If the paths are to be mulch, it is best to lay landscaping cloth underneath
to inhibit the growth of weeds. That can cost $600 to $800 for a decent
size labyrinth. Draw the pattern onto the cloth with chalk, lay out your
rocks, and add the mulch. Rubber mulch (recycled tires) is very practical
and long-lasting, but it would take the cost of the labyrinth into the
top of the range listed. It costs around $1,000 per ton. I used $4,000
worth in a 66-foot-wide labyrinth.
Crushed Stone Labyrinths . . . 0 to $10,000
Crushed stone is used to form the base for concrete and paver labyrinths.
In some cases it is used alone as a paving surface (commonly seen in state
parks for walking paths). Note that I am not talking about gravel. Gravel
is all the same size and doesn't compact very well, leaving a lot of air
space. Crushed stone has a range of sizes from the largest down to powder.
This allows it to be compacted to form a hard surface, as the voids are
all filled with smaller particles. There are a number of names for this
kind of material. In St. Louis the larges stones are 3/4-inch, down to
powder. So it is called "3/4 minus." It may be called "manufactured
fines," "decomposed granite," "or some name with :base"
In St. Louis they often remove the old asphalt when resurfacing the streets,
to keep from having too much build-up. We made a labyrinth using that
ground up asphalt, which the city was happy to give us free. When spread
out and compacted, it became quite hard again. You can make a labyrinth
by renting a sod-cutter to cut out the grass where the paths will be,
and fill that area with crushed stone. It can be compacted by renting
a plate compactor. You can hire someone with a dump truck and Bobcat to
come and spread out the crushed stone and then compact the whole surface.
You can then dig out the lines and put bricks in them. In the case of
very soft soil, you might put a crushed stone base under the landscape
cloth for a brick and mulch labyrinth. Getting the base done professionally
could cost as much as $5,000, although usually less than that.
Stone / mulch
Terrazzo (and Robert Ferre)
Click on photos for more information